Reports and Case Studies:
How Have Schools Managed to Delay Bell Times?
The following reports contain numerous case studies of schools that have delayed bell times, including descriptions of how they have overcome perceived and real obstacles to change.
- The Children's National Medical Center. School Start Time Change: An In-Depth Examination of School Districts in the United States, Blueprint for Change, April 2014.
- The School and School District Structure Study Group. Later School Start Times for Adolescents: A 2020 Vision for Public Education in Ulster County. The Center for Research, Regional Education and Outreach, SUNY New Paltz. Ulster County School Boards Association, August 2014.
- Impact of School Start Time on Student Learning. Hanover Research. February 2013.
- Successful Approaches (thanks to SLEEPinFairfax)
The following five case studies, put together by the National Sleep Foundation in 2005, show ways that various school districts returned to later, more developmentally appropriate school hours. Each profile includes information about the bell schedules before and after the change, a profile of each school district, specific challenges, and corresponding solutions - as well as how changes were made and managed and what benefits were accomplished. .
- NSF: Changing School Start Times: Arlington, VA Changing School Start Times: Arlington, VA: CS.Arlington.pdf
- NSF: Changing School Start Times: Denver, CO Changing School Start Times: Denver, CO: CS.Denver.pdf
- NSF: Changing School Start Times: Fayette, KY Changing School Start Times: Fayette, KY: CS.Fayette.pdf
- NSF: Changing School Start Times: Jessamine, KY Changing School Start Times: Jessamine, KY: CS.Jessamine.pdf
- NSF: Changing School Start Times: Wilton, CT Changing School Start Times: Wilton, CT: CS.Wilton.pdf
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