A large, broad, and consistent body of research supports later school start times--which is why major health organizations recommend middle and high schools start class no earlier than 8:30 a.m. Below are some of the of the top papers on the subject to share with anyone new to the topic!
- Marco Hafner, Martin Stepanek, Wendy M. Troxel. Later School Start Times in the U.S.: An Economic Analysis. RAND Corporation. August 2017.
- Judith Owens, Darrel Drobnich, Allison Baylor, and Daniel Lewin. School Start Time Change: An In-Depth Examination of School Districts in the United States. Mind, Brain, and Education. December 2014;8(4):182-213. [This report is based on: The Children’s National Medical Center’s Blueprint for Change Team. School Start Time Change: An In-Depth Examination of School Districts in the United States_. April 2014.
- Paul Kelley, Steven W. Lockley, Russell G. Foster, and Jonathan Kelley. Synchronizing education to adolescent biology: 'let teens sleep, start school later.' Learning, Media and Technology. August 21, 2014.
- Paul Kelley and Clark Lee. Later School Start Times in Adolescence: Time for Change. Education Commission of the United States. 2014.
- Kyla L. Wahlstrom. Examining the Impact of Later High School Start Times on the Health and Academic Performance of High School Students: A Multi-Site Study. February 2014.
- Brian A. Jacob and Jonah E. Rockoff. Organizing Schools to Improve Student Achievement: StartTimes, Grade Configurations, and Teacher Assignments. September 2011.
- Scott E. Carrell et al. A's from Zzzz's? The Causal Effect of School Start Time on the Academic Achievement of Adolescents. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy 3 (August 2011): 62–81.
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